On behalf of the delegation I appreciate the authorities of the People’s Republic of China for organizing this First Internet Conference which entails great importance to exchange experiences and visions regarding the transformations that Internet has brought and its influence in today’s society. I also thank the organizers for including the discussion on Cybersecurity among the topics to be talked about in this meeting.
Information and Communication Technologies have the potential to offer new solutions to the development issues, particularly in the context of globalization, and can promote economic growth, competitiveness, access to information and knowledge, eradication of poverty and social inclusion.
That is why there is an imperative necessity to eliminate the obstacles which developing countries face to access new technologies. It is essential that “all governments have an equal role and responsibility in Internet governance…” as stated in the World Summit on the Information Society in 2005.
Varied are the examples that illustrate the utmost necessity to regulate and make appropriate use of the Internet. We can mention from the new elements known about the colossal capabilities of the global espionage network deployed by the American government, to the ZunZuneo project, aimed at creating situations of destabilization in Cuba to bring about changes in the political order of the island.
This new action constitutes an example of aggression using the information and communication technologies, in flagrant violation of the International Law and the sovereignty of states.
This conference comes at a time when there is an increasing global concern at the growing covert and illegal use by individuals, organizations and states, of the informatics systems of other nations to attack third countries, dangerous modality that can trigger international conflicts. Some governments have expressed the possibility of answering those attacks with conventional weapons.
Our nations, even without knowing it, may be being cyberattacked, and every day we are more exposed to this threats which have serious implications for the international security and of our nations.
From February 2013 until the present, we have established the participation in cyberattacks against Cuba of thousands of IP addresses registered in more than 150 nations. Computers located on the island were remotely and illegally controlled from various countries to attack military, scientific-technical y financial institutions of third countries.
In the midst of the national efforts to organize this strategic sector, has emerged the necessity to create mechanisms that ensure the protection and preservation of the country against new challenges and dares.
The Cuban institutions were integrated into a National System of informatization and cybersecurity, with the objective of guaranteeing the observance of the policies and integral strategies approved by the highest authorities of our country for the Process of safe Informatization of the society.
No country is alien to this type of aggressions, which proves the necessity of exploring options that allow sharing experiences in its countering and prevention. In order to have a safe cyberspace we need the participation of the international community, since it is a phenomenon that surpasses the capability of States and national borders.
The employment of the cyberspace and the new information technologies with harmful intentions entails the implementation of work systems that allow preventing, countering and mitigating its consequences in complete accordance with the principles of International Law.
Cuba promotes the acknowledgement of the sovereignty of every country in the peaceful employment of the new information and communication technologies. It opposes vigorously to the use of these tools to destabilize nations, promote social disorders and ungovernability. The scientific and technical development should be aimed at preserving the peace and welfare of nations.
As expressed by the President of Council of State and Ministers of the Republic of Cuba, Army General Raúl Castro Ruz, during the CELAC Summit held in Havana, in January 2014: “the only way to prevent and counter these new threats is the joint cooperation between states, to avoid that the cyberspace becomes a theater of military operations”.
Under these precepts, Cuba has send notifications to 176 countries regarding cybernetic attacks presumably performed from Cuban computers, requesting the implementation of bilateral cooperation mechanisms in the cybersecurity matter.
In the multilateral arena and counting with the support of dozens of countries, modifications to several resolutions of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) were inserted during the past Plenipotentiary Conference held in Busan, Republic of Korea, which in a general way contributed to the strengthening of this organism and conformation of a framework that allows to prevent the illegal use of the ICT by one state against other.
According to the international statistics of the ITU, Cuba is ranked 14th out of 157 nations regarding the potential abilities of its citizens in the use of the new technologies. Contradictorily, our country is ranked 116th out of 153rd in its use.
It not foreign to this reality that the economic, commercial and financial bloquade imposed against the island, impedes the massive access to these technologies. However, the Cuban government implements the necessary measures to truly use all that human capital nurtured by the Revolution, in benefit of the people.
It is our intention that this event concludes acknowledging the importance of Internet governance as part of the implementation of politics that facilitate the development of the information society at the international level, as well as the necessity to continue the debate in the respective regional and multilateral ambits.
The government of Cuba reaffirms its willingness to establish cooperation mechanisms, with the objective of sharing a world interconnected and governed by all, and in that way opening a new historical chapter where the development of the Internet contributes to the improvement of humanity’s quality of life.
Thank you very much.