Global Cybersecurity Index (I)

In a computer world, the creation of confidence and security in the use of Information and Telecommunication Technologies becomes vital in order to develop a technologically-sound model.

In such case, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), along with the company specialized in technology markets, ABI Research, implemented a project aimed at ranking the cybersecurity levels of nations.

The Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI), presented in the World Telecommunications Development Conference held in Dubai, in April 2014, seeks to measure the degree of development of each nation’s cybersecurity, in order to promote, in the long term, new efforts in the implementation and integration of the cyber security at a global scale.

The indicators evaluated in the Index, are organized in the five work areas: (Legal, Technical, Organizational, Capacity Building, and Cooperation) of the Global Cybersecurity Agenda initiated in 2007 by the ITU, which constitutes an international cooperation framework destined to improve the security and confidence of the society of the information.

Since the field of application of the cyber security comprehends all industries and sectors, each one of these areas analyzed in the Index, which at the same time are divided into categories, are essential in order to measure the cybersecurity capabilities of each nation.

The correspondent value of the Index of each nation is formed by means of the integration of the data obtained in questionnaires send to the Member States of the ITU.  

In the year 2014 the ITU issued the first report of the GCI, where Cuba obtained an index of 0.0029, which ranks it at the 28 level (each level is integrated by all countries with the same index value) of 29 levels at the global level and in the 17 (of 18 levels) in the region of America.

A fundamental objective of the GCI is to create national capabilities and to contribute and foster a world culture of cybersecurity.

The comparison between the national strategies of cybersecurity, also favors greater divulging of the information on measures implemented between countries with different levels of development. This way, it is possible to divulge strategies and good practices, indicating to the different nations which should be the specific areas that need to be improved, in order to enhance their cybersecurity.

The comparison between the national strategies of cybersecurity, also favors greater divulging of the information on measures implemented between countries with different levels of development. This way, it is possible to divulge strategies and good practices, indicating to the different nations which should be the specific areas that need to be improved, in order to enhance their cybersecurity.